History: References

Textual references

Barclay, G. (1973). Mind Over Matter: Facts and Feats Beyond the Bounds of Nature. Great Britain. Arthur Baker Ltd.

Bishop, M. (1989). Okinawan Karate - Teachers, styles and secret techniques. London. A & C Black Ltd.

Bram, L. (1975). China: Imperial Decay and Foreign Pressure. In Funk & Wagnells New Encyclopedia (Vol. 6, pp. 46-48). New York. Funk & Wagnells Inc.

Funakoshi, G. (1956). Karate-do: My Way of Life. Tokyo. Kodansha International Ltd.

Higaonna, M. (1985). Traditional Karatedo - 1: Fundamental Techniques. Tokyo. Minato Research and Publishing Co. Ltd.

Higaonna, M. (1995). The History of Karate-Okinawan Goju-Ryu. United States. Dragon Associates Inc.

May, D. (1996, March/April). A Karate Giant of South Africa. Australasian Fighting Arts. 18 (2), 23-25.

McCarthy, P. (1994, Jan/Feb). Fuzhou, The Okinawan Connection. Australasian Fighting Arts. 16 (6), 66.

Morris, P. (1979). The Karate-do Manual. London. Stanley Paul & Co. Ltd.

Myers, P. (1992, Oct.). The Meaning of Okinawan Goju Kata. Karate/Kung fu Illustrated. p.30.

Overton,G. (1988, March/April). Sensei Laurie Van Niekerk, 6th Dan, Shorinjiryu Karatedo. Australasian Fighting Arts. 12 (2), 23-23.

Parker, E. (1963). Secrets of Chinese Karate. Englewood Cliffs. Prentice-Hall Inc.

Reid, H. & Croucher, M. (1983). The Way of the Warrior: The Paradox of the Martial Arts. Great Britain. Century Publishing Co. Ltd.

St. Denise, C. & Anton, J. (1976). Bruce Lee's Training Manual. New York. Kensington Publishing Corp.

St. John Thomson, D. (1985). Karate-do International Training Manual. Stilbaai, South Africa. Karate-do International Honbu Dojo.

Sumarac, J. (1996). Five Animal Play (Wu Quin Xi). Melbourne. G.K.A. Press.


Web based references

Matheiu Ravignat article "The History of Goju Ryu Parts 1 - 3" in Meibukan Magazine Nos. 2, 3 and 4.

Mario McKenna articles "Uechi-ryu Karate – A short History: Parts 1 and 2.

Mario McKenna article  "Higaonna Kanryo and Nahate" at

Joe Swift article "The Kempo of Kume Village" in Meibukan Magazine No. 6.

Goju Ryu Network. Available: http://www.gojuryu.net/index.html

Dragon Times - Issue #10. (no date). Interview of Morio Higaonna. Available: http://www.dragon-tsunami.org/Dtimes/Pages/article21.htm

FightingArts.com  Article "Unraveling the Mysteries of the Nafadi Tradition: Its Kata" by Joe Swift.

Hawaii Karate Seinenkai. Available: http://seinenkai.com/

Kushido Karate-do. Available: http://www.kushido.co.za/ and http://www.kushido.com/en/

Moyer, K. (2000). Eiichi Miyazato interview. Available: http://gojuryu.net/miyazatointerview.htm and http://www.xs4all.nl/~emarsi/karate/miyazato-interview.htm

Traditional Okinawan Goju Ryu Karate Association website. Available: http://www.togka.com/

Wikipedia article on Anko Itosu: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anko_Itosu)